Ebola Outbreak

Facts about Ebola

According to report from World Health Organization, Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in  Nzara, Sudan and it also found in a village in Yambuku Democratic Republic of Congo near the Ebola River where the name of the disease was derived. In 2014, Ebola outbreak has been prominent in West Africa, spreading through Liberia, Guinea, Nigeria, and Sierra Leon. This disease is introduced into humans through contact with bodily fluids, secretions and organs of infected animals. Infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas and other ill or dead animals in the rain forest  Ebola is then transmitted among humans through mucous membranes with blood, secretions, organs, and other bodily fluids of infected people. It is also transmitted through the semen of men who have recovered from the disease and contact with a deceased person. Signs and symptoms Ebola symptoms include fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function and bleeding both internally and externally.

Treatment:  There is no guaranteed licensed vaccine available for EVD as several are currently being tested.

Prevention -Wildlife-to-human transmission can be reduced by avoiding contact with infected fruit bats, monkeys/apes and the consumption of their raw meat. Gloves should be worn while handling animals and meat should be thoroughly cooked before consumption -Human-to-human transmission can be reduced by avoiding direct contact with infected persons. Proper protective clothing and gloves should be worn when caring for Ebola patients.

  • Frequent hand washing remains a precautionary sanitary practice that is essential to daily living.

-People who have died from Ebola should be promptly buried.

 

For more information regarding Ebola, visit http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/ http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/treatment/index.html

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